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The Cul4A–DDB1 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex represses p73 transcriptional activity

M Malatesta, A Peschiaroli, EM Memmi, J Zhang, A Antonov, DR Green, NA Barlev, AV Garabadgiu, P Zhou, G Melino and F Bernassola

 

Oncogene (2012), 1–6

 

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ABSTRACT

The Cullin4A (cul4A)-dependent ligase (CDL4A) E3 has been implicated in a variety of biological processes, including cell cycle progression and DNA damage response. Remarkably, CDL4A exerts its function through both proteolytic and non-proteolytic events. Here, we show that the p53 family member p73 is able to interact with the CDL4A complex through its direct binding to the receptor subunit DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1). As a result, the CDL4A complex is able to monoubiquitylate p73. Modification of
p73 by CDL4A-mediated ubiquitylation does not affect p73 protein stability, but negatively regulates p73-dependent transcriptional activity. Indeed, genetic or RNA interference-mediated depletion of DDB1 induces the expression of several p73 target genes in a
p53-independent manner. In addition, by exploiting a bioinformatic approach, we found that elevated expression of Cul4A in human breast carcinomas is associated with repression of p73 target genes. In conclusion, our findings add a novel insight into the
regulation of p73 by the CDL4A complex, through the inhibition of its transcriptional function.



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